Habitat development schemes are being implemented in habitats with the following objectives
- Improving Housing facilities.
- Improving connectivity (roads, bridges, walkways)
- Providing security to crop, property and inhabitants from wild animals
- Power/electricity to domestic and farm/enterprises
- Providing better transport and communication facilities
- Providing social infrastructure-PHCs, Agriculture input centres, Community centres, burial grounds etc.
- Marketing arrangements
Following schemes are being implemented in habitats
1.Ambedkar Settlement Development Scheme (Erstwhile ATSP Fund/Special Package)
It is a scheme for the socio-economic betterment of tribal population living in the tribal hamlets. It is proposed for meeting the immediate requirements of infrastructure facilities, economic activities and basic minimum needs of women and children. Infrastructure facilities include providing house to houseless tribals in the hamlets, water supply, sanitation facilities and resettlement of tribals living in difficult conditions.
The following are the other components of Ambedkar Settlement Development Scheme
- Wage Employment under MGNREGs
Unemployed tribals may be provided wage employment under MGNREGS and if needed employment can be provided for 100 plus days. Fund for same may be forwarded to Commissionerate of Rural Development.
Provision may be extended to health improvement activities, providing nutritious food and other basic facilities to women and children wherever necessary under the scheme.
- P K Kalan Family Benefit Scheme
For the development scattered tribal families, PK Kalan Family benefit Scheme, is being implemented. Project formulation for each settlement shall be based on a micro plan through participatory rural appraisal tools conducted by Oorukoottams. Extensive consultations with the line departments is also necessary in participatory rural appraisal and resource mapping and also in finalizing the implementable action plan. Each micro plan has to be duly prepared and approved by the District Collector concerned. Co-ordination of different departments shall be ensured. Based on gender disaggregated data 75 per cent fund will be going to women beneficiaries. Survey to identify scattered families is nearing completion.
2. Additional Tribal Sub Plan (spill over)
This was a special package programme launched during 2014-15 by allocating funds in addition to the normal share of TSP in the State. It was utilized for the socio economic development of ST population living in ST settlements, particularly those in inaccessible/ remote areas.
3. Hamlet Development Scheme (spill over)
It was envisaged to give thrust on overall development of unattended issues of hamlets on a case to case basis by allocating a consolidated fund of Rs. 1 crore for each hamlet for various activities viz. Drinking water, Electricity, Solar lighting, Link Roads, Foot path, Community centres, Anganwadies etc.
The development needs in the habitats were identified in accordance with the priorities determined by the beneficiaries, in meetings of Oorukoottams with prior notice, headed by MLAs, and MPs and representatives of three tier Panchayathiraj institutions concerned and officials including District Collector, District Planning Officer and all other district officers of line departments, held in the habitat itself.
4. NABARD- RIDF Loan Schemes:
Since 2013-14, NABARD has been releasing RIDF loan for the construction of roads, bridges and other infrastructural facilities in tribal areas. The works are entrusted to Govt. accredited agencies.